Thursday, 4 August 2011

A fews steps towards the ornementation

- A key;

This word, applied to masonry, means the keystone which closes an arc, one that is placed high on the vertical line from the center of this arc. There are keys for the semicircular arches, the arches third point, being formed of two segments of a circle, only have box springs and quoins, the key, in this case, is replaced by a joint.














- A ridge;

This is the name we give to the coronation decorated with a peak. It was said of a roof in the Middle Ages, it was quarnelé Cretel or when his ridge was crowned by a ridge of stone, clay or metal.
During the Romanesque period, the roof forming a very obtuse angle at the top, according to the ancient method. If the building was vaulted barrel, the cover slab or tile was asked to believe on the upper surface of the vault, and a ridge of stone covered the junction of the two sides of the peak.














- A Clover;

Name that is given to a member of Architecture geometry, obtained by means of three circles whose centers are located at the vertices of the corners of an equilateral triangle. It is also said trilobe (Fig. 1). As from the late twelfth to the sixteenth century, there has been much used this figure in the composition of mullions, roses, arches, and generally as skylights. Sometimes the meeting points of the circles are completed by a leafy ornament A, a human head or animal.















- A Flora;

We often have the opportunity to talk about the flora carved architecture of the Middle Ages, this effect is that architecture has its flora, which changes as the art advances and declines














( Source Wikipédia)




Others exemples:

A Sculpture scrofuliacees









A Cup of wood chaining












A Chrysanthemum











A keystone of Abbey church













A keystone of Carcassonne Cathedral













A Marquee arch of the Sainte Chapelle













A sheet







A transparent floral-ornamental











The labyrinth of the Cathedral of Amiens











The links:

dictionary of the architecture on wikisource;
http://fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Dictionnaire_raisonn%C3%A9_de_l%E2%80%99architecture_fran%C3%A7aise_du_XIe_au_XVIe_si%C3%A8cle_-_Index_alphab%C3%A9tique_-_A


Discovering Art History:
http://www.rmn.fr/francais/decouvrir-l-histoire-de-l-art/


The gold in architecture:
http://www.savoirs.essonne.fr/sections/ressources/diaporamas/details/resource/lor-dans-larchitecture/

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