Wednesday, 3 August 2011

The Fortified-Castles































The construction of a castle:

In the Middle Ages, the building of a castle lasted a long time ... between 25 and 40 years depending on the size of the castle. The construction site was a real small town where lived and worked many artisans. It must be a dozen different trades to build a castle.

Requires shifting cultivators who are the first to respond to clear the field. The shifting cultivators were nomads who moved from one site to another castle. Their task was to cut trees and clear land to prepare for the construction of the castle.
The wood cut and used as fuel to the low quality and fine wood is intended for carpenters.

The carpenters were therefore present as the wood is one of the most used materials in the construction of the castle (frames, doors, but also scaffolding, truck ...)



The builders chose the land of castles built according to the place of the stone quarry.
The stone is extracted by the quarrymen who take the quarry large blocks. These blocks are then cut according to their quality by stonemasons.

A castle had to be solid. The walls should be thick and resistant to stone impact of the attackers. For the walls are solid, it was necessary that the stones are properly connected to-each other. This work was done by the masons who used the mortar to bond the stones together. The mortar is made from sand and lime (the ancestor of cement) in the lime-burner in a furnace.

It was still a lot of other odd jobs around the castle under construction: Potier, Chartier, Cordière, weaver, blacksmith, lumberjack ...

The boulders were lifted by machinery erected, squirrel cage, or winch drum (the ancestors of our modern cranes).












A castle must have been solid. The walls had to be thick and resist the projections of stones from the assailants. For the walls to be solid, the stones had to be properly bonded to each other. This work was carried out by the masons who used mortar to stick the stones together. The mortar is made with sand and lime (the ancestor of cement) by the heater in an oven.
There were still a lot of other small trades around the castle under construction: potier, chartier, cordière, basket-maker, blacksmith, bucheron ...





















- The website passion médiéval, explain more fully the  construction of castles-fortress:

http://passion-medievale.com/construction.html


- The site chateaux-forts.org, explain more fully the  conception of castles-fortress :

http://www.chateaux-forts.org/notion-de-tour-maitresse/









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The Castles-fortress in the Francilienne region :






The castle of Château-Gaillard, Les Andelys













The Castle is a medieval fortress in ruins, which lies at the heart of the Norman Vexin, 100 km from Paris on the town of Andelys (Eure). It is a piece of history of France dominates the Seine valley, blending Richard the Lion Heart and cursed kings atop a limestone cliff. Château-Gaillard was over 800 years. It owes its name to Richard the Lion Heart, who, seeing completed, would have said "That guy that's a castle! ".



















The Castle of Blandy-les-Tours in Blandy-les-Tours












The castle is a medieval castle located in the town of Blandy-les-Tours in the department of Seine-et-Marne, near the castle of Vaux-le-Vicomte. The castle is located in the heart of the village of Blandy. Since its acquisition by the General Council of Seine-et-Marne, he was the subject of several restoration campaigns.



















The Castle of Farcheville, in Bouville



























The Castle called Le Vivier in Fontenay-Trésigny
























 In Paris:



- The Castle of Louvre







http://paris1900.lartnouveau.com/paris01/le_louvre.htm



- The conciergerie, ancient castle and medieval











http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conciergerie

http://conciergerie.monuments-nationaux.fr/fr/bdd/page/visites















- The Castle of Pierrefonds, in Pierrefonds






Th castle is an imposing castle located on the edge Pierrefonds southeast of the forest of Compiegne, north of Paris, between Villers-Cotterets and Compiegne, in the department of Oise.
Pierrefonds castle has the most features of the defensive work of the Middle Ages. He was saved by Viollet-le-Duc in the nineteenth century, who also undertook significant work of decoration and furniture design.
It is managed by the National Monuments.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_de_Pierrefonds

http://www.pierrefonds.monuments-nationaux.fr/















- The Castle of Vincennes








The Castle is a fortress located in the town of Vincennes, east of Paris, France. It was built in the fourteenth century the seventeenth century. It is the largest remaining French royal castle, and the height of the tower, 52 meters, it is the highest plain of Fortress Europe.

http://www.chateau-vincennes.fr/


http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_de_Vincennes







Ruins of Castles in Ile-de-France:

- The dungeons of Courcelles-les-Gisors
- Ozauer le Voulgis
- Montereau
- La Ferté-Millon, vestige of tower speaker
- Crécy-en-Brie, a tower speaker
- Rochefort en Yvelines, ruins of the fortress





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Some links around the castle:




The Merovingian kingdoms;
http://www.castlemaniac.com/cartes-medievales/cartes-merovingiens.php


Classifieds of the medieval;
http://www.chateauxmedievaux.com/


Somes Castles
http://chandt.blogspot.com/2011/09/castles-in-links.html



On wikipédia:

The Castles (Fortress):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castle

Fortifications;

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortification


Web site of Medieval castle and ruins:
http://chateau.over-blog.net/article-31246108.html




To go to the Castles, tourism, events in Castles, to the dungeons, the remains....

Chapter I, the world of Castle

Itineraries and transport




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Association An Historical and Touristic path in Ile-de-France region, un chemin Historique et Touristique en Ile-de-France:









The  website of the Association:
ch-et-t.jimdo.com

- The Bank of images and data of the association:, La Banque d'Images et de Données de l'association:
http://bdch.over-blog.com/




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